Overcoming Challenges in Legal Education: Insights from Supreme Court’s Justice AS Oka

Supreme Court’s Justice AS Oka Addresses Critical Issues in Legal Education in India

Legal education in India faces a significant challenge, According to Supreme Court’s Justice AS Oka, the shortage of proficient teachers is a major hurdle. In this article, we’ll explore Justice Oka’s concerns and the implications for legal education in India.

Supreme Court's Justice AS Oka
Supreme Court’s Justice AS Oka

The Teacher Shortage Issue

Justice Oka highlighted the highly shortage of qualified teachers in law schools across the country. To illustrate his point, he cited the example of Government Law College in Mumbai. Here, it took 12 years to find a suitable candidate for the position of principal. This shortage has forced senior district judges to take on additional responsibilities overseeing the institution.

Qualifications for Law Teachers

Justice Oka also raised concerns about the qualifications of law teachers. He emphasized the necessity of mandatory qualifications such as NET or SET certification to ensure that senior members of the legal community do not become ad-hoc lecturers.

The Future of Legal Education

During a conference organized by the Bar Council of India, Justice Oka raised questions about the contributions of national and private law schools towards legal education. He asked whether these institutions are adequately preparing students to become competent trial lawyers, whether they are nurturing the aspiration of young students to join the judiciary. These questions need to be addressed because, in his opinion, many national law schools may not be delivering what was expected of them.


Reflection on Law Institutions

Justice Oka’s concerns also extended to how law schools, both national and private, are shaping the minds of their students concerning constitutional values such as secularism and democracy. He called for a thorough examination of the educational institutions’ role in instilling these values effectively.



Justice AS Oka’s observations offer a critical perspective on the challenges facing legal education in India. The scarcity of qualified teachers, the need for mandatory qualifications, and the alignment of institutions with constitutional values are all vital aspects to consider. Addressing these issues is crucial for shaping the future of legal education in India.

In conclusion, overcoming these challenges requires a collaborative effort from educational institutions, policymakers, and legal professionals. By doing so, India can ensure that its legal education system is well-equipped to produce capable lawyers and uphold the values that form the foundation of its legal system.


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